Wheelchair racing is the racing of wheelchairs on the track and in road races. Wheelchair racing is open to athletes with any qualifying type of disability: amputees, spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy and partially sighted (when combined with another disability). Athletes are classified in accordance with the nature and severity of their disability or combinations of disabilities. Like running, it can take place on a track or as a road race. The main competitions take place at the Summer Paralympics which wheelchair racing and athletics has been a part of since 1960. Competitors compete in racing wheelchairs which allow the athletes to reach speeds of 30 km/h or more. It is one of the most prominent forms of Paralympic athletics.
Wheelchair racing is considered to be an individual sport like able-bodied running. This sport requires above average transfer skills plus good trunk and leg flexibility. It is not recommended for athletes weighing more than 200 pounds.
Many new athletes wonder which is better for them: wheelchair racing or handcycling. The attached articles written by legendary Ernst van Dyk explains the benefits and challenges of each sport. He is one of the best athletes in the world and has excelled in both sports.